In Search of An Architecture for Integrative Systems

This page evolves from a 1979 global dialogue between scholars in the natural sciences, the humanities and theology. It was originally formulated to provide discussion materials for a conference at MIT entitled, Faith, Science and the Human Future.

The work and writings of leading, living scholars and most-speculative thinkers were examined. Though hardly anticipated, this display project became a template for the Big Board – little universe. The purpose of the display project was to summarize those comprehensive worldviews and powerfully suggestive ideas of living scholars.  All vetted were within their community as leading thinkers; the hope was that there might be a dynamic exchange and synthesis of ideas and information that would open the way to new and deeper insights and wisdom. Based on their experiences, observations, historical analysis, hypotheses and testing, informed speculations, and even visionary insights, each person’s  work was placed within one of three perspectives: The Small-Scale Universe, The Human-Scale Universe, and The Large-Scale Universe.  And then, with each perspective, there were three groups of scholars: (1) Natural Scientists, (2) Philosophers/Theologians and (3) The Boldly Speculative.

The Small-Scale Universe
To Be  – Reality

Scholars seek to define fundamental units of reality, experience and/or being.

The Human Scale Universe
To Know Ways of Knowing

Scholars seek to understand basic interactions from cells to populations of people. What makes life human? What gives life meaning?

The Large-Scale Universe
To Envision the Cosmos

Scholars seek to understand cosmology, the parts, laws, and operations of the universe. They seek to know the origin and nature of the universe.

All Living Scholars in 1979
(all listings, all columns are alphabetical)
Scientists to Theologians
(all listings are followed by a school designation)
Living Scholars in 1979
(listings of published work are linked)
•  Ian Barbour, Carleton, Northfield (MN)
Issues in Science and Religion
•  Michael Arbib, Massachusetts, UCLA
Brains, Machines and Mathematics
•  Hannes Alfven, Uppsala, Stockholm
Cosmic Plasma
•  Ted Bastin, Cambridge
Quantum Theory & Beyond
•  Peter Berger, Boston College
The Sacred Canopy
•  Hermann Bondi, London
The cosmological scene
 •  Charles Birch, Sydney
Biology and the Riddle of Life
•  Percy Brand Blanshard, Yale
The Nature of Thought
•  Margaret & Geoffrey Burbidge, UCSD (CA)
The Abundances of the Elements
•  David Bohm, Birbeck, London
Fragmentation & Wholeness
•  Kenneth Boulding, Colorado
The World as a Total System
•  Buckminster Fuller, Pennsylvania
Synergetics I & II
•  Mario Bunge, McGill, Montreal
Treatise on Basic Philosophy
•  Erwin Chargaff,Columbia
Heraclitean Fire
•  Stephen Hawking, Cambridge
On the Shoulders of Giants
•  Fritjof Capra, Lawrence Berkeley
The Tao of Physics
•  Noam Chomsky, MIT
Language and Mind
•  Fred Hoyle, Cambridge, Cal Tech
Ten Faces of the Universe
•  John Cobb, Claremont (CA)
Process Studies
•  Freeman Dyson, Princeton
Disturbing the Universe
•  Stanley Jaki, Seton Hall (NJ)
Science and Creation
•  Richard Feynman, Cal Tech
Theory of Fundamental Processes
•  John Eccles, SUNY-Buffalo
Understanding of the Brain
•  Bernard Lovell, Manchester, JBO
Emerging Cosmology: Convergence
•  Lewis Ford, Old Dominion, Norfolk (VA)
Lure of God
•  Richard Falk, Princeton
A Study of Future Worlds
•  Roger Penrose
The Emperor’s New Mind
•  Sheldon Glashow, Harvard
The charm of physics
•  Paul K. Feyerabend, Berkeley
Science in a Free Society
•  Arno Penzias,  Bell Labs (NJ)
The Origin of the Elements
•  David Griffin, Claremont (CA)
Archetypal Process
•  John N. Findlay, Oxford, Boston
Plato: The Written and Unwritten
•  Carl Sagan, Cornell
Contact  and  Cosmos
•  Charles Hartshorne, Chicago
The Zero Fallacy
•  Hans-Georg Gadamer, Heidelberg
Truth and Method
•  Fred A. Wolf
The Dreaming Universe
•  Krishnamurti, California
The First and Last Freedom
•  Langdon Gilkey, Chicago
Maker of Heaven and Earth
•  Tarthang Tulku (Berkeley, CA)
Time, Space, and Knowledge
•  H. Pierre Noyes, Stanford
Bit-String Physics
•  Steven Grossberg, Boston
Studies of Mind and Brain
•  Steven Weinberg, Harvard, Texas
The First Three Minutes
•  Shubert Ogden, SMU, Dallas (TX)
On Theology
•  Jürgen Habermas, Max Planck, Starnberg
The Fear of Freedom
•  Yakov B. Zel’dovich
Creation of particles in cosmology
•  Harold Oliver, Boston
A Relational Metaphysic
• Gerald Holton, Harvard
Scientific Imagination
Living Scholars Today Who shall we add in each category? Who are today’s
leading living scholars?
•  Gian-Carlo Rota,  MIT
Foundations of Combinatorics
•  William Johnston, Sophia, Japan
Still Point
•  Julian Schwinger, UCLA
Einstein’s Legacy
•  Gustavo Lagos, Chile
(in process)
•  John Baez, UCR (CA)
Knots and quantum gravity
•  Henry P. Stapp, Lawrence Berkeley
Mindful Universe
•  Erwin Laszlo, UN
Systems View of the World
•  Lisa Randall, Harvard
Warped Passages
•  Victor Weisskopf, MIT
The Joy of Insight
•  Bernard Lonergan, Regis
Insight: A Study of Human Understanding
•  Richard Dawkins, Oxford
The Magic of Reality
•  Carl F. von Weizsäcker, Max-Planck (Starnberg)
The Structure of Physics
•  Lynn Margulis, Massachusetts (Amherst)
Early Life
•  Daniel Shechtman, Technion
Icosahedral Quasiperiodic Phase
•  John Wheeler, Princeton, Texas
Spacetime Physics
•  Ali A. Mazrui, Michigan, SUNY-Binghamton
A World Federation of Cultures
•  Jim Yong Kim, World Bank,
Dartmouth, Toward a Golden Age
•  Eugene Wigner, Princeton
Symmetries & Reflections
•  Marvin Minsky, MIT
The Society of Mind
•  Ben J. Green, Cambridge
On arithmetic structures…
•  Jürgen Moltmann, Tübingen
The Spirit of Life
•  Brian Green, Columbia (NYC)
The Elegant Universe
The selection committeeIncluded Marx Wartofsky,
J. Robert Nelson, Alan Olson,
and Bill Henneman, all of
Boston University.
•  Wolfhart Pannenburg, Munich
Theology and the Philosophy of Science
 Agnieszka Zalewska, Krakow, CERN
Large Hadron Collider
•  Karl Popper, London
All Life Is Problem Solving
More to come…
Every scholar selected was also
invited to nominate others.
•  Karl Pribam, Stanford
The End of Certainty
Every scholar was also invited
to critique the selections.
•  Ilya Prigogine, Brussels
The End of Certainty
Bruce Camber initiated and
coordinated this effort.
• Karl Rahner
Theological Investigations
A back story of its development
is linked here
• Theodore Roszak, San Francisco State
The Making of a Counter Culture.
More to come…
• Huston Smith, Syracuse
The World’s Religions
• William I. Thomson, Lindisfarne
Passages about Earth

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